Cortisol is a potent hormone known as a glucocorticoid that affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, but especially glucose. Cortisol test is performed on patients who may have malfunctioning adrenal glands. Cortisol level normally rises and falls during the day. It peaks its highest level between 6 and 8 AM and gradually falls, reaching its lowest point around midnight. When cortisol level is measured, blood specimen is usually collected at 8 AM and again at 4 PM. It should be noted that normal values may be adjusted in individuals who have worked during the night and slept during the day for long periods of time.
Diagnosis of endocrine dysfunction and adrenal disease